Measurement of Time - Clockwork Horology

Catalogue no: 1283
Dewey No: Subject(s): Courtenay Ilbert Archive
Author(s): W. Hislop. F.R.A.S.
Total pages: 8 Illustrations: 9 Language(s): English Publication date: 1862
Editor: Publisher: Practical Mechanics Journal
Dimensions: 285mm x 225mm Condition: Fragile, pages stapled together; rusty staples
Related titles: Official Catalogue, 1862 Exhibition, R606 LON Related library records:
The pages covering the horology display at the 1862 Great Exhibition in London in more detail than in the official catalogue and with different illustrations. The author, (who served on the first Council of the BHI and who was well aware of the criticism towards the English trade by men like Sir John Bennett), is at pains to point out that the best quality Swiss and French watches in the Exhibition are equal in price or more expensive than English ones. He criticises the layout of the horological galleries which give unfair advantage to the Swiss but praises the Swiss and French for their extensive horological writings; "Foreign horologists are trained and educated to express their thoughts in writing, while English watchmakers do not favour such community of thought." There follows general comment on French, Swiss and English horology at the time, the two former countries being criticised for their concentration on "external beauty" rather than on precision. English clockmakers, though, are criticised for their failure of design; "anything much more hideous than some of the clock-cases exhibited, even by well-known names, it would be difficult to conceive." In describing the exhibits, the author divides his report into the following sections; 1. Turret or Church Clocks 2. Astronomical Clocks 3. Chronometers 4. Watches 5. Tools and Materials Under Turret Clocks, the author describes some remontoire and gravity escapement clocks by Messrs. Cooke & Sons of York, J. Benson, Dent, and M. Losada. Under Astronomical Clocks, there are descriptions of regulators by Dr. Clark, Mr Delolme, Dent, Mr Hislop, Frodsham and Brockling of Hamburg. The section on Chronometers concentrates on various new compensation balances by makers such as Dent, Kullberg, J.F.Cole and Barraud. Also a small section on auxilliary compensation. Under Watches, various types of keyless work (then a novelty) is described including three examples (illustrated) by Walsh, E.D.Johnson and Kullberg. Another innovation described is the independent seconds watch, the example by E.D.Johnson being illustrated. New escapements described including Cole's "Repellent" escapement. Under Tools and Materials,the author is critical of the poor showing of tools of English manufacture and praises the variety and finish of Swiss tools. The article is illustrated as follows; 1. Full page illustration of turret clock by T. Cooke of York 2. Two compensting balances, one by Dent 3. Kullbergs' balances 4. Kullbergs' balances 5. Walsh's Watch Motion (Keyless work) 6. Keyless Motion by E.D.Johnson and by Kullberg 7. Johnson's Universal Seconds Watch 8. Cole's Pendulum Suspender (suspension) The article is a very interesting account of the state of horology in Britain and the Continent in 1862 and reveals what was exercising the minds of watchmakers like the author and E.D.Johnson and which had led to the formation of the British Horological Institute in 1858.
Room location: Library Extension Cabinet: F Shelf: 4
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